Flushing DNS cache

We recently had a customer who needed an update to DNS, and it was taking a very, very long time to propagate. While researching how to help fix it, I found these sites that may come in handy.

To see what’s going on with DNS propagation, use this tool: What Is My DNS

And if you ever need to check a particular DNS server’s entries, use this: Query a DNS Server

Plus a very handy page describing how to use nslookup: 10 Most Used nslookup Commands

Redirecting attachment pages in WordPress

Spammers are a crafty bunch, using a variety of techniques to spread their unwanted junk. One way they do this is by submitting comments to the special pages WordPress creates for each image that has been uploaded. Spammers find these pages and submit spam. But there are ways to thwart their misdeeds!

7 Ways to Redirect WordPress Attachment Pages

Lately we’ve been using the Redirect Attachment Pages plugin, if the client does not have it available through an SEO plugin.

Finding large files on Linux

I had a client running out of disk space, and support gave me the command to find all the big stuff. This is to find files larger than 10MB. It prints a list ordered by smallest to largest.

sudo find / -mount -noleaf -type f -size +10000k -print0 | xargs -0 ls -lhSr | perl -ne ‘/(\S+\s+){4}(\S+)\s+(\S+\s+){3}(.*)/ and printf(“%*s %s\n”,7,$2.”:”,$4);’

One thing to note is that this didn’t include mailboxes… they must be stored somewhere else on this particular server. The culprit in this case turned out to be a mailbox that was 15GB (!!). 

Validating fields in Gravity Forms

Despite CAPTCHA, spammers have been submitting spam forms on a few of our client’s websites. The submissions usually have the same first and last name, and often contain a website address in the message. I was able to add a little code to the theme’s functions.php to prevent this type of thing.

add_filter( 'gform_validation_1', 'validate_contact_fields_1' );
function validate_contact_fields_1( $validation_result ) {
    $form = $validation_result['form'];
    // first and last name can't be the same
    if ( rgpost( 'input_1' ) == rgpost( 'input_2' ) ) {
        // set the form validation to false
        $validation_result['is_valid'] = false;
        //finding Field with ID of 1 and marking it as failed validation
        foreach( $form['fields'] as &$field ) {
            //NOTE: replace 1 with the field you would like to validate
            if ( $field->id == '1' ) {
                $field->failed_validation = true;
                $field->validation_message = 'First and Last Name can not be the same.';
    // Message can't contain a URL
    $nourl_pattern = '(http|https)';
    if ( preg_match( $nourl_pattern, rgpost( 'input_4' ) ) ) {

		$validation_result['is_valid'] = false;
        foreach( $form['fields'] as &$field ) {
            if ( $field->id == '4' ) {
                $field->failed_validation = true;
                $field->validation_message = 'Message can not contain website addresses.';
    //Assign modified $form object back to the validation result
    $validation_result['form'] = $form;
    return $validation_result;
}  // end function validate_contact_fields_1